“How many Munchies can your Munchkin munch before your Munchkin’s all munched out????”

That is the question posed on the manual & back of the box of this week’s game of the week, the controversial (at the time) Odyssey² game, K.C. Munchkin. That question also serves as succinct synopsis of a game with an interesting history.

My own personal copy of K.C. Munchkin.

Designed & programmed by Ed Averett and released for the Odyssey² in 1981, K.C. Munchkin is in essence, a Pac-Man clone. One of many, many released for various home consoles in the early 80s. Phillips/Magnavox could not procure the rights to port Pac-Man onto home consoles, as the home console leader of the time, Atari, had paid for that privilege. However, any home console worth it’s retail shelf space needed to have a maze game available to satisfy the craving for Pac-Man gameplay. There was a fine line between copyright infringement and a unique take on an inspired by I.P. K.C. Munchkin straddled that line like no other game before it.

After the game’s release, Atari sued Phillips as they were none too happy with the similarities between K.C. Munchkin and Pac-Man. See, Atari had exclusive rights to release the home port of Pac-Man on their wildly popular VCS console, but Phillips/Magnavox had beaten Atari to the store shelves with this release. Atari was afraid that consumers, unable or unwilling to wait to play Pac-Man at home, would buy an Odyssey² along with K.C. Munchkin, which could erode potential future sales of their own official Pac-Man game. Atari lost the first round in court but then after an appeal, finally won, forcing Phillips/Magnavox to pull K.C. from store shelves. This is widely considered the first video game related copyright lawsuit and for that reason alone, K.C. Munchkin should be remembered. But how about the game itself? Is it really a blatant clone or are there enough differences to warrant its co-existence and continued enjoyment 3+ decades later?

In K.C. Munchkin, you’re a fuzzy little blue character (or a munchkin according to the manual) running around a maze eating dots (called Munchies) all the while avoiding 3 multi-colored enemies, called Munchers. There are only a total of 12 Munchies per screen and four of them are flashing and multi-colored that if eaten, turns the Munchers purple, allowing K.C. to gobble them up and turn them into ghosts. The ghosts fly around the maze until they return to their regeneration point typically located in the middle of the maze. After a short period of time, the Muncher will regenerate and re-enter the maze in an effort to again thwart K.C.’s Munchie chomping goal. What Pac-Man fans will immediately notice as a significant difference is the lack of dots or Munchies as this game calls them. As stated, there are only 12 on each screen but the Munchies are constantly moving, which adds a new dynamic to the standard maze chomper. Additionally, when the last remaining Munchie is left on screen, it moves much faster and tries to evade K.C., so you’ll have to either corner it or predict it’s movements to meet it head on as you won’t be able to catch it simply by chasing after it.

Other notable differences that make K.C. Munchkin unique.

  • 4 different standard mazes that a player can choose by pressing buttons on the Odyssey² keyboard.
  • Additional “random” maze option that starts your game with a new random maze each time.
  • Maze options that are invisible, only flashing briefly to remind you of the maze set-up before becoming invisible again.
  • Option to create your own mazes, which was a completely unique feature that only Odyssey² owners could enjoy.
  • You are given only 1 life. Once K.C. is eaten by a Muncher, your game is over and another game, with a cleared score begins immediately after.
  • High score owner can type in his/her name, which stays on the screen until console power is turned off.

K.C. Munchkin (fun fact, the K.C. is a reference to Phillips Electronics then President Kenneth C. Menkin), is it’s own enjoyable game, regardless of how close it may resemble Pac-Man on the surface. As we now know, it’s a time honored tradition for video game developers to create games that are “inspired by” already existing and popular titles. We almost expect it, therefore the initial shock of seeing a game that looks and feels like Pac-Man but is called something else has certainly worn off. There are just enough differences to make K.C. Munchkin special and worth playing for any Odyssey² owner.

Grade: A-

Jason Breininger Jason Breininger (22 Posts)

Jason is a retro gaming enthusiast that cut his teeth in 80's arcades before graduating to home consoles with the NES during the magical Christmas of 1987. He enjoys collecting and playing consoles and games from all eras but the 80's and 90's are his bread and butter. After more than 30 years of buying and collecting video game consoles and games he has chosen to document his extensive collection while providing personal retro gaming experiences on his Cartridge Corner blog. Jason is also the Author and Chief Games Writer at VHS Revival. He is an avid concert goer, a 70's/80's horror movie buff, Prince super-fan and an 80's music fan in general. Jason is from Wisconsin and now lives in St. Louis, Missouri with his wife Mary and daughters Grace and Clara.