Bally Manufacturing, founded in 1932, manufactured amusement machines such as slot machines and pinball,
and became a big player through the electromechanical and solid-state eras. In 1943, Bally acquired fellow slot machine
maker Midway, and began making pinball machines. Shortly thereafter the company began designing video arcade machines.
Meanwhile, Williams Electronics was at the forefront of pinball manufacturing. They were famous for pioneering many staples
of modern-day pinball, including releasing the first pinball machine with inward facing flippers (Lucky Inning, 1950), the first pinball game with speech (Gorgar, 1979), the first pinball machine featuring multi-ball play (Firepower, 1980), and the first dot matrix display (DMD) with fully animated graphics and interactive video mode (Terminator 2: Judgement Day, 1991).
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